2017, Vol. 2 Issue 2, Part DECEMBER
Fish production in North East India address food and nutritional security of the region?
Author(s): Naorem Dinesh Singh, Krishnan M., Kiresur V. R., Ramasubramanian V. and Swadesh Prakash
Abstract: More than 90 % of people in North-East (NE) Indian states are fish eaters. But the total fish production registered during 2013-14 was only 3.77 lakh tonnes while the total demand for fish consumption during the year was 4.05 lakh tonnes. This shows that about 90,000 tonnes of fish are required to meet the fish consumption needs of NE Indian states. This paper attempts to assess the fishery resource distribution, growth, consumption trends of fish and strategies for increasing fish production and nutritional security in NE India. The analysis is based on unit record data on fish consumption obtained from National Sample Surveys (NSS) rounds 38, 51, 60, 66 and 68. The results indicate that there is immense scope for increasing fish consumption in NE Indian states ensuring near optimum nutritional standards prescribed for the nutritional security in absolute terms though not necessarily at the individual level.